Statements Updated Nov 9, 2019
1. Irrespective of the number of persons disqualified for leaving the team bench area during fight, a single technical foul (‘B’) shall be charged against the coach. Two shots plus get ball back at throw in line with 14 seconds. On cancellation of fouls with offensive team having poss. before the fight, that team will get ball back at throw in line with whatever time is left on the shot clock. Rule 39.3.2
2. If any team bench personnel leave the bench during a fight situation and fight, he will be disqualified. If TWO PLAYERS LEAVE THE BENCH and get involve in fight, the penalty is six shots, plus the ball- coach gets charge with 2 shot TECHNICAL. The ball is put in play at the throw-in line with 14 seconds on the shot clock. Bench disqualification fouls during a fight situation do not count towards the penalty.
If 3 players leave bench and do not get involve in fight, the only penalty is a 2 shot T to the coach and ball plus the ball for the other team at throw in line with 14 seconds. Players are ejected.
3. To be considered part of a double foul, the fouls must have the same penalty. Team A’s second team foul is not the same as the team’s fifth team foul. TEAM A FOUL IS A IS AN OFFENSIVE FOUL. (The penalties are different.) Team A has 2 team fouls and team B has 5 team fouls in the quarter. Dribbler A1 andB1 now commit a foul against each other at approximately the same time.
Interpretation: The penalties against both teams are not equal, therefore it is not a double foul. A1’s foul shall be penalized with a team B throw-in. B1’s foul shall be penalized with 2 free throws for A1. The officials shall apply the special situations rule and decide which foul has occurred first. In case B1’s foul has occurred first, A1 shall attempt 2 free throws with no line-up. The game shall be resumed with a team B throw-in from the place nearest to where the fouls have occurred. In case A1’s foul has occurred first; the team B throw-in shall be cancelled. A1 shall attempt 2 free throws and the game shall be resumed as after any last free throw.
4. Players who have been designated by their coach to start the game or who receive treatment between free throws may be substituted in the event of an injury. In this case the opponents are also entitled to substitute the same number of players, if they so wish.
5. Whenever a warning is given to a player, by an official, it is given to the whole team for the duration of the game. The warning must also be communicated to the coach and the score table.
6. When an excluded player receives a technical foul, it is charged to the coach. Penalty is one shot. When the excluded receives an unsportsmanlike foul, it is also charged to the coach, the penalty is one shot. When an excluded player receives a disqualification foul, it is charged to the coach. Penalty is two shots and ball. Reset shot clock to 14 seconds.
7. The shot clock will be reset to 14 seconds when A1’s throw-in from the centre line (at the beginning of the quarter) is knocked out of bounds by team A in team A’s backcourt.
8. A player is not considered to be in the act of shooting if after being fouled, passes the ball.
9. A warning is NOT REQUIRED for excessive swinging of the elbows. A technical foul may be charged. A comment may be enough.
10. When a time out is called before the disqualification or technical foul, the time out takes preference. The administration of the free throws will then take place. The technical foul is always shot before the disqualification foul.
11. An offensive player cannot replace the throw-in player once he receives the ball from the official. But it is legal after a made basket.
12. If a technical foul is called between free throw administration, the technical free throw will be shot immediately. Time outs and subs are permitted.
13. The penalty is two shots and the ball for an unsportsmanlike foul or disqualification foul during an interval of play. The player that is fouled on the unsportsmanlike is the shooter, same as during playing time. The shot clock is set at 14 seconds.
14. In the last two minutes of the game, if a foul is committed at the other end of the floor, or not part of the play, the penalty is two and the ball.
15. A starter must shoot the technical foul before the start of the game. During the interval of play before the game, a team A member commits an unsportsmanlike foul on a team B member.
Interpretation: That team B member shall attempt the 2 free throws before the beginning of the game.
If that team member is indicated as 1 of the 5 players to begin the game, he shall remain on the playing court. If that team member is not indicated as 1 of the 5 players to begin the game, he shall not remain on the court and shall be replaced by 1 of the players designated as team B starting 5 players. The game shall begin with a jump ball.
16. The shot clock will be set at 14 seconds if the ball is returned to the offensive team –AP arrow when the ball is stuck in the rim. Throw in take place on the endline.
17. A1 has the ball in his hands during his act of shooting when a technical foul is called on the doctor of: (a) Team B. (b) Team A. Interpretation: After the administration of the free throw by:
(a) Any team A player for team B’s doctor technical foul: - If A1’s shot enters the basket, the goal counts. The game shall be resumed with a team B throw-in from any place behind the endline. - If A1’s shot does not enter the basket, the game shall be resumed with team A throw in from the place where the ball was located when the technical foul was called.
(b) Any team B player for team A’s doctor technical foul: - If A1’s shot enters the basket; the goal does not count. The game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in from the place where the ball was located when the technical foul was called. - If A1’s shot does not enter the basket, the game shall be resumed with a team A throwin from the place where the ball was located when the technical foul was called. 36.49
18. Following the free throw resulting from a technical foul, the game shall be resumed with a throw-in from the place nearest to where the ball was located when the technical foul was called. If a technical foul is called on the defensive team, the offensive team shall have 24 seconds on the shot clock, if the throw-in is administered from the backcourt. If the throw-in is administered from the frontcourt, the shot clock shall be reset as follows:
• If 14 seconds or more are displayed, the shot clock shall not be reset, but shall continue from the time it was stopped.
• If 13 seconds or less are displayed, the shot clock shall be reset to 14 seconds.
If a technical foul is called on the offensive team, the offensive team shall have whatever time was on the shot clock
19. If the game is stopped by an official for a foul or violation (not for the ball having gone out-of-bounds) committed by the team not in control of the ball and the possession of the ball is awarded to the same team that previously had control of the ball in the frontcourt, the shot clock shall be reset as follows:
• If 14 seconds or more are displayed on the shot clock at the time when the game was stopped, the shot clock shall not be reset, but shall continue from the time it was stopped.
• If 13 seconds or less are displayed on the shot clock at the time when the game was stopped, the shot clock shall be reset to 14 seconds.
20. With 30 seconds remaining on the game clock in the fourth quarter, A1 dribbles in his frontcourt. B1 taps the ball to team A’s backcourt where A2 now controls the ball. B2 taps the ball out-of-bounds in team A’s backcourt with 8 seconds on the shot clock. Team A is granted a time-out. Interpretation: Coach A may opt for the throw-in to be administered in the frontcourt from the throw-in line in team A’s frontcourt or in its backcourt. In both cases team A shall have 8 seconds on the shot clock.
21. Thrower-in A1 passes the ball from his:
(b) Backcourt to A2. The ball goes out-of-bounds without touching any player on the playing court.
Interpretation: Violation of A1. The game shall be resumed with a team B throw-in from the place of the original throw-in in the:
(a) Backcourt with 24 seconds,
(b) Frontcourt with 14 seconds
22. Following a successful field goal or last free throw, the player taking the throw-in from his endline may move laterally and/or backwards and the ball may be passed between teammates behind the endline, but not exceeding 5 seconds. This is also valid when a violation by the defensive team is called, and when the throw-in is therefore repeated- you may run the endline.
23. Advancing the ball in last 2 minutes after a time out by team that is entitled to ball is permitted to decide if they want to advance the ball after the warning buzzer of the time out. Team scored upon, or an offensive violation on a last free throw, and call time out- if they choose to advance to front court throw in line, 14 seconds. If they choose to take throw in on end line in back court, 24 seconds as usual.
If ball is knocked out of bounds in back court by defence with 18 seconds on shot clock- if they opt to advance, they would have 14. If they opt to have back court throw in, they would have 18.
If ball was deflected out of bounds in back court by defence with 8 seconds left on shot clock- if they advance, they would have 8 seconds, if they opt for back court throw in , they have 8 seconds.
Third situation is foul is on defence in Team A's back court with 20 seconds on shot clock--if they choose to advance, 14 seconds; if they choose throw in in back court, they have 24
If same foul with 12 seconds left- if they advance 14; if they take back court throw in, they have 24
24. Team A has been in control of the ball for 15 seconds. A1 tries to pass the ball to A2 and the ball moves across the boundary line. B1 tries to catch the ball and jumps from the playing court over the boundary line. B1 is still airborne when he:
(a) Taps the ball with 1 hand or both hands,
(b) Catches the ball with both hands or the ball comes to rest in 1 hand and the ball returns to the playing court where it is caught by A2.
(a) Team A remains in control of the ball. The shot clock continues.
(b) Team B has gained team control. The shot clock for team A shall be reset.
25. Player who gets 5 fouls is excluded; once official announces 5th foul to player and coach, the team has approximately 20 seconds to get sub ready, as play should resume after 30 seconds. This time is not to be used as a time out- if coach brings his players to bench, official firmly and professionally ask for a substitute.
26. A player shall be disqualified for the remainder of the game when he is charged with 2 unsportsmanlike fouls or 2 technical fouls, or with 1 technical foul and 1 unsportsmanlike foul. Penalty for unsportsmanlike foul is 2 shots followed by: a throw-in from the throw-in line in the team’s frontcourt. Shot clock reset of 14 seconds.
27. Double foul and unsportsmanlike fouls [that cancel each other] with a team in control, will have the ball go back to the offensive team, with no reset on the 24 second clock or no reset on the 8 second backcourt count.
28. The time-out period:
• Begins when the official blows his whistle and gives the time-out signal.
• Ends when the official blows his whistle and beckons the teams back on the playing court. We require a whistle at 50 seconds.
29. Example: B1 commits a foul on A1 on a successful field goal. A1 then commits a technical foul.
Interpretation: A1’s goal counts. The penalties for both fouls are equal and cancel each other. The game shall be resumed as after any field goal.42-5
30. After a fight, [fouls are cancelled] On cancellation of fouls with offensive team having poss. before the fight, that team will get ball back at the throw in line with whatever time is left on shot clock. Rule 39.2
31. When a backcourt violation, 8 second or an offensive foul in their backcourt is called the ball shall be awarded to the opponents’ team for a throw-in in its frontcourt at the place nearest to the infraction with 14 seconds on the shot clock.
32. Thrower-in A1 passes the ball towards team B’s basket and it lodges between the ring and the backboard.
Interpretation: This is a jump ball situation. The game shall be resumed with applying the alternating possession procedure:
• If team A is entitled to the throw-in, the game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in from the endline in its frontcourt, next to the backboard. The shot clock shall be reset to 14 seconds.
• If team B is entitled to the throw-in, the game shall be resumed with a team B throw-in from the endline in its backcourt, next to the backboard. The shot clock shall be reset to new 24 seconds.
17-27 Example: With 5 seconds on the shot clock, thrower-in A1 passes the ball towards team B’s basket where it touches the ring.
Interpretation: The shot clock operator shall not reset his clock, as the game clock has not started yet. The game clock shall be started simultaneously with the shot clock. If team A gains control of the ball the shot clock shall be reset to 14 seconds. If team B gains control of the ball the shot clock shall be reset to 24 seconds.
33. When a shot for a field goal has been released and then a foul is called on a defensive player in his backcourt, the shot clock shall be reset to 14 seconds.
34. 29/50-47 Statement. While the game clock is running, whenever a team gains a new possession of a live ball in either the frontcourt or the backcourt, that team shall have 24 seconds on the shot clock.
35. When a coach receives a second direct technical foul, he is disqualified. The penalty is only one shot.
36. Any time a bench disqualification foul is called, the technical foul goes to the coach. (one of his three) The penalty for a disqualification foul is always two shots and the ball. The ball is given at the throw-in line with a shot clock of 14 seconds.
37. The coach may advance the ball in the last two minutes or keep it in his backcourt. If there is more than 14 seconds when administered in the front court, reset it to 14. If it is under 14 seconds, no reset. When administered in backcourt apply the normal ruling.
38. On cancellation of fouls in non-fighting situations. A team had control of the ball or was entitled to the ball; the ball shall be awarded to that team for a throw-in at the place nearest to where the foul occurred. No reset of shot clock.
• Neither team has control of the ball nor was entitled to the ball, a jump ball situation occurs. Frontcourt reset to14- backcourt 24 sec resets. Rule 42.2.8
39. When the game clock shows 2:00 minutes or less in the fourth quarter and in each overtime, and there is a throw-in to be administered with a player defending the thrower-in, the following procedure shall be applied:
• The official shall use an illegal boundary line crossing signal as a warning before handing the ball to the thrower-in.
• If then the defensive player moves any part of his body over the boundary line to interfere with the throw-in, a technical foul shall be called without further warning.
Example: With 1:08 remaining on the game clock in the fourth quarter and with 11 seconds on the shot clock, A1 has the ball in his hands for a throw-in from its frontcourt. B1 holds his hands over the boundary line to block A1’s throw-in.
Interpretation: As the official has given a warning before he has handed the ball to A1, B1 shall be charged with a technical foul for interfering with the throw-in. Any team A player shall attempt 1 free throw. The game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in from the place nearest point of the infraction with a reset of 14 seconds. If nearest point of the infraction is backcourt reset of 24 seconds.
40. For all games, the first team named in the schedule (home team) shall have the team bench and its own basket on the left side of the scorer’s table, facing the playing court. The one you are defending,
However, if the 2 teams agree, they may interchange the team benches and/or basket. You warm up at your opponents’ basket. -AWAY FROM YOUR BENCH
41. A violation by a team during its alternating possession throw-in causes that team to lose the alternating possession throw-in. In case of a foul you do not lose AP arrow.
42. A1 commits an unsportsmanlike foul on B1 during the interval of play between the first and second quarter. Interpretation: B1 shall attempt 2 free throws with no line-up, before the start of the second quarter. The game shall be resumed with a throw-in from the throw-in line in team B’s frontcourt. Team B shall have 14 seconds on the shot clock. The direction of the possession arrow remains unchanged.
43. On the AP arrow, team A, throw-in, the ball gets lodged in the rim. The AP arrow will be changed immediately. If possession goes to team A. Reset to 14. If the throw comes from the playing surface the ball is administered on the endline- AP. Reset to either 24 for the defense-offense gets reset to 14. In all cases the throw in comes from the endline.
44. After ending a dribble either in a continuous motion or standing still, A1 throws the ball against his own or his opponents’ backboard and then catches or touches the ball again before it has touched another player is a legal play. A1 may shoot or pass but A1 may not begin another dribble.
45. A1 ends dribble, it is legal for A1 come back to the floor with ball after the ball has hit the backboard and then dunk.
42-5 B1 commits a foul on A1 on a successful field goal. A1 then commits a technical foul. Interpretation: A1’s goal counts. The penalties for both fouls are equal and cancel each other. The game shall be resumed as after any field goal.
46. Example: With 1:08 remaining on the game clock in the fourth quarter and with 11 seconds on the shot clock, A1 has the ball in his hands for a throw-in from its frontcourt. B1 holds his hands over the boundary line to block A1’s throw-in. Interpretation: As the official has given a warning before he has handed the ball to A1, B1 shall be charged with a technical foul for interfering with the throw-in. Any team A player shall attempt 1 free throw. The game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in from the place nearest to where the ball was located, when the technical foul was called. Team A shall have 14 seconds on the shot clock.36.39
47. Example: Thrower-in A1 straddles the centre line to start the second quarter and passes the ball to A2. A2 jumps from his frontcourt, catches the ball while airborne and lands: (a) With both feet in his backcourt. (b) Straddling the centre line. (c) Straddling the centre line and then dribbles or passes the ball to his backcourt. Team A violation.30.5
48. Time outs and subs – by either team - are permitted after made free throws.
49. Interference occurs when: After a shot for a field goal or the last free throw a player touches the basket or the backboard while the ball is in contact with the ring. A player reaches through the basket from below and touches the ball. A defensive player touches the ball or the basket while the ball is within the basket, thus preventing the ball from passing through the basket BUT such action is legal by the offensive player.
50. FIBA has eliminated the word “simultaneous” from any of its interpretations related to the Double foul, so please remove any thoughts that these fouls MUST OCCUR AT THE EXACT SAME TIME.
When 2 players foul each other at approximately the same time, the officials must determine which foul occurred first and the order of occurrence for all remaining fouls.
Most fouls happen with the game clock running and therefore if the team in control of the ball commits a common foul, it will always be a team control foul …. with no shots.
Situation # 1:
Let’s say there are 2 fouls in the post, and both occur just after the opening jump ball in the first quarter and these are each team’s 1st team fouls of the game. Both are common fouls; therefore, the situation is covered by the Double Foul section of the rules (Article 35).
Situation # 2:
Next, A1 is fouled by B1 ( Team B’s 5th team foul of the quarter …..2 free throws for A1 ) and then A1 fouls B1 in the same play sequence ( meaning at about the same time ; this is Team A’s 2nd team foul of the quarter…..possession to Team B. ) These foul penalties are not equal (According to Special Situations Article 42) so this is not a Double foul according to the new rule. A1 would be awarded 2 free throws (no line up) and then Team B would be awarded a throw-in at the spot nearest to where the first foul occurred.
Situation # 3:
Now if the penalty for the 1st foul only creates possession and the 2nd foul results in a 2 free throw penalty, then these are not equal penalties and you would refer to the order in which they occurred. Since you cannot have …. possession…. and follow that by free throws …. then (the possession is lost ) and you shoot 2 free throws and carry on with a rebound or a throw-in on the end line if the last free throw is successful. (Article 42.2.5).
Now, if the first foul is a team control foul (Team A) and that team has 5 or more team fouls in that quarter, there will not be any free throws; if the 2nd foul (Team B) is to result in possession……. then these two penalties are equal, and they balance one another … no free throws…. and a throw-in shall be awarded to the team that had control of the ball or was entitled to the ball (Team B) from the place nearest to the initial infraction. (Article 35.2 Penalty Bullet 2)
Situation # 5:
If the fouls are more severe …. as in 2 free throws to be followed by 2 free throws plus possession (for an Unsportsmanlike or Disqualifying foul) …. then you shoot the 2 free throws and follow that with the shooting of the other 2 free throws with a throw-in (possession) at the throw-in line in the front court with 14 seconds on the shot clock.
Situation # 6:
If the order of penalties in the preceding situation were reversed …. 2 free throws plus possession to be followed by 2 free throws, then you would shoot 2 free throws with possession “lost” and then go to the other end of the court ( line up the players ); shoot 2 free throws and play continues with a rebound or a throw-in on the end line if the last free throw is successful. (Article 42.2.4)
Whenever foul penalties are not the same, then the Double foul rule (Article 35) does not apply and Special Situations (Article 42) are now put into effect.
51. Players who are fighting during the game will be disqualified. Because of the fighting situation, the ball will be administered at the throw in line with the same shot clock. The only difference would be if the fighting occurred after a score or after the last made free throw. The team entitled to the ball would have a throw in behind the end line with a full shot clock.
52. If an excluded player commits an unsportsmanlike foul against a player on the court and that player in return commits an unsportsmanlike foul, the penalties do not off set each other because the excluded player’s unsportsmanlike foul also goes as a one technical against his coach. The other player’s unsportsmanlike is a two-shot penalty.
53. It is legal for the offensive player to touch the ball within the basket.
54. It is legal for the jumper to touch the ball simultaneously with both hands during the tip.
55. It is legal to fumble – dribble – fumble…BUT it is illegal to dribble – fumble – dribble.
56. Throwing an object at a player is a technical foul unless you want to upgrade it to a disqualifying foul.
57. It is legal for a defensive player to intercept the ball and land straddling the center line. The player can then step to the back court without penalty.
58. If a free throw shooter violates at the same time as the defense and the shot is missed…you go to the alternating possession arrow. But if the shot is made…the free throw violation takes precedent and the ball is administered at the free throw line extended.
59. If the excluded player receives a technical foul it goes to the coach (not towards the penalty).
60. Coaches and assistant coaches’ technical fouls do not go towards the penalty.
61. During free throws, defense players do not have to fill lane spaces – but they must remain empty.
62. If either team calls a time out, an injured player may remain in the game.
63. Regardless of the penalties, the game will always start with a jump ball. Starters must shoot technical fouls unless it’s unsportsmanlike.
64. A shot that originates from the 3 point area and is tipped from the 2 point area and enters the basket…counts as three points. A pass from behind the 3 point area that is tipped from the 2 point area and enters the basket…counts as two points.
65. Interfering with the last free throw results in a technical foul. Count the shot(1point) give an additional shot (any player) and resume the game from the point of interruption(made free throw).