Hand-checking is the "illegal" use of the hand(s)/arm(s) to impede/influence the movement/progress of an opponent with or without the ball. A defensive player may not place his hand/forearm upon an opponent with the intention of holding or pushing (steering) that player. To momentarily place a hand/forearm upon an opponent is not necessarily illegal unless the action is constantly repeated. A verbal warning should always be given in order to prevent the illegal action from taking place.
Under no circumstances may the defensive player place two hands upon an opponent, even within his cylinder.
A defensive player FACING his opponent has no legal reason to place his hand/forearm upon an opponent, as defense is played with the feet. A post player may place a forearm (within his own cylinder) on the back of an opponent, but the first and only contact must be with the forearm or the chest/stomach. This also applies to a player defending a dribbler who is backing into (not facing) the basket, the first and only contact must be with the forearm or the chest/stomach.
The use of the forearm or chest/stomach must not dislodge or push the opposing player from his position. Similarly, an offensive player dribbling the ball is not permitted to use a hand/forearm to prevent his defensive opponent from legally "stealing" the ball. If hand-checking is not penalized then players will react aggressively thereby creating loss of game control, even momentarily.
Officials should be aware of situations when hand-checking could take place:
1. At moments in the game when aggressive and/or pressing defense is applied.
2. When players are tired and "cheat" on defense by using hands instead of moving their feet.
3. In defensive mismatch situations where the offensive player is clearly quicker, taller and
4. During "isolation" plays (one v one) as above and on any drive to the basket.
Offensive and defensive players have equal rights to any position that they have legally established on the court. Post play should be viewed and anticipated as a physical (not rough) match-up between two opponents, especially big players.
Incidental contact between post players is to be expected, but the use of hands, arms and/or legs/knees to push and dislodge
A defensive post player may place a forearm
Neither can the offensive player grab an opponent's leg or "hook" his body whilst turning, either to shoot or receive a pass under the basket. Excessive physical play to dislodge a player from a legally established position must not be allowed.
Rough play in post play situations is likely to occur when:
1. The offensive player has dislodged the defensive player from a legal position on the floor.
2. The offensive player has the ball and his opponent is allowed to use his hands, extended
3. The offensive player lowers his buttocks and pushes backwards, also using his hands and
4. The offensive player signals to receive a pass or lob pass and then uses his arms in a "swim-
5. The offensive player may not use his elbow to push away the defensive player's hand(s) in
Be aware of any situations that may create potential violence between opponents or attempts to deceive officials by 'flopping', either by the defensive player or a shooting player.
PLAYER AND COACH BEHAVIOUR
The proper conduct of the game demands full and loyal cooperation of the members of both teams (players, coaches, assistant coaches, and team followers) with the officials, table officials and commissioner.
IT IS NOT ACCEPTABLE:
1. For a coach or player to make an objectionable reaction by words or gestures to an official's
2. For a coach or player to direct audible personal remarks of an abusive or vulgar nature to the
3. For a coach or player to excessively demonstrate by the use of referees signals (travelling,
4. For a coach, assistant coach, player or team follower to incite the crowd by means of gestures
5. For a coach to leave the coaching box and enter the court to remonstrate with an official.
In such situations, it is essential that a technical foul is not given immediately, but that a clear definitive warning is given to the offending person(s). Dealing with such incidents should be progressive, but firm and not an emotional reaction. Such behaviour should not be tolerated on a continuous basis. Any further misbehavior after the warning must be dealt with in a calm professional manner.
We do not wish officials to inflame the situations by overreacting, but we cannot accept that the integrity of the officials is continually called into question by players, coaches and bench personnel.