INTERPRETATIONS \ CASES REVIEW AUG-2018
- Bench technical fouls do not count towards teams totals. Interval fouls by anyone in uniform counts towards team fouls and personal fouls.
- A foul by the defense away from the shot ball [act of shooting], basket goes in, count basket. Scoring team gets ball with a reset of 14 seconds.
- The 8 second starts on CONTROL after the ball is returned legally from the front court to the back court.
- When a player is in the act of shooting and after being fouled he passes the ball off, he is no longer considered to be in the act of shooting.
- A3 attempts his final free throw. B4 enters the restricted area before the ball has left the shooter’s hand and then, A3 enters the restricted area before the ball hits the rim. The free throw is not successful. Is that a violation by both teams? Yes. The rule book (Art. 43.3.1) states that the free throw shooter’s violation only takes precedence over any other violation on a successful free throw. In this case, the last (or only) free throw was unsuccessful and there were violations by both teams. Therefore, a jump ball situation occurs. Now, the fact that the FT was unsuccessful IS relevant. If the FT was successful in the case above, the Free Throw Shooter’s violation would take precedence and be the only violation penalized.
- During a three point try shot clock expires. Ball misses rim and hits the floor. This is a shot clock violation and the ball is given where the shot was taken – full reset for the defense.
- If during a fighting situation and if two members of both teams are disqualified, if there are no other foul penalties remaining for administration, and, at the time the game was stopped, a team had control of the ball or was entitled to the ball. In this case, the throw-in team shall have only whatever time was remaining on the shot clock.[ALSO NO RESET OF BACKCOURT COUNT]
- An official should bounce the ball to the player for the throw-in. (this is applicable to throw-ins anywhere on the court – UNLESS in the frontcourt on the baseline).
- Although the rule book (Art. 44.3.2) states that “if the same team scores after having been erroneously awarded possession of the ball for a throw-in, the error shall be disregarded”, we DO NOT disregard the error in the case of a technical foul.
- Defender B1 has established a position with both feet on the floor completely in the no-charge area and facing A1 who has started a drive to the basket. A1 jumps, releases the ball on a try and then charges into B1. Both players fall to the floor. The ball (a) goes into the basket, (b) bounces off the ring thus creating a rebounding situation. Shall a foul be called on A1 for charging? NO CASE 34-11 But watch for sliding by the defense.
- Player B1 is chasing offensive player A1 on a fast break with no opponent between A1 and the basket. A1 purposely slows up to draw contact from behind, and B1 fails to slow down and contacts A1 from behind. Should B1’s foul be judged unsportsmanlike? No. The unsportsmanlike foul in the clear path situation must be called if the foul is committed in an attempt to stop a fast break. B1, while still responsible for the contact, should not be judged as attempting to stop a fast break.
- During a time-out, there are 3 standard positions opposite the table – the officials should go to the position nearest to where the game will be resumed following the time-out OR to the position that does not interfere with game-day promotions. The ball is left on the court where the game will be resumed. If free throws are required place ball at foul line. With 20 seconds remaining in the time-out, the officials move close to the team bench areas in order to be ready to activate teams returning to the court at the 50 second warning signal.
- It is a legal play to hit the bottom or top of the backboard on an endline throw-in.
- If a player ends a dribble and actually touches the ball to the floor, legal play. (ball has never left his/her hand)
- If a player who has not released the ball but has started his shooting motion and a double foul occurs the basket does not count.
- With 2 minutes or less a foul on a throw in by the defender must be called as Unsportsmanlike. Rule 37.1.1 states “contact by the defensive player on an opponent on the court during the last 2 minutes of the fourth period and in each extra period, when the ball is out-of-bounds for a throw-in and still in the hands of the official or at the disposal of the player taking the throw in.
- A1 has been charged with his 5th personal foul. Frustrated, he verbally insults the official and is disqualified. The foul is charged to the coach A and recorded as ‘B’. The penalty is 1 free throw and possession of the ball for team B. If the excluded player makes contact, the penalty is two shots plus possession and is also recorded as a B foul to the coach.
- Ball returned to the backcourt…A1 is standing with both feet in the backcourt near the centre line when A1 attempts a bounce pass to A2 who is also standing with both feet in the backcourt near the centre line. On the pass, the ball touches the frontcourt before touching A2. Interpretation: Legal play. No back court violation. However, as the ball was caused to go into the front court the 8-second count stopped at the moment the ball has touched the front court. A new 8-secondcountshall be started as soon as A2 controls the ball. A1 in his backcourt passes the ball towards his front court. The ball is deflected from an official standing on the playing court with both feet straddling the centre line and is next touched by A2 who is still in his backcourt. Legal play… No back court violation… the 8-second count stopped at the moment the ball has touched the official.
- Bench player is allowed to shoot a technical foul but is not allowed to shoot a technical prior to the game. A member of the starting five has to take shots.
- Substitutions and time-outs are not permitted until the clock starts each quarter.
- Following a time-out, in the last two minutes an offensive player cannot advance the ball to the throw-in line when the ball is already going to be administered in the front court.
- An injured player is allowed to stay in the game when a time-out is called by either team unless that player has been subbed.
- An interval play foul is always assessed to the team foul count and one of the player’s five fouls.
- When a goal tending violation takes place, either team may ask for a time-out or a sub.
- Disqualification fouls[unless they cancel each other] always carry a penalty of 2 shots and ball at front court throw in line with 14 seconds.
- Always cancel special situation fouls in the order they were called.
1. During free throws, an injured player or player who is bleeding, may be substituted. The other team may sub one for one. (Bleeding player must be substituted)
2. A team is permitted to sub between a warning buzzer til the end of the time out.( until official puts ball in play)
3. On a jump ball, it is legal for a non-jumper to catch the ball, straddling the centre line and step into the back court.
4. A player who has been substituted may re-enter the game if he or she is to shoot free throws. In this case the player does not have to stay in for a tick of the clock.
5. The 8-second back court count continues until the player has both feet and the ball completely in the front court.
6. The offensive team is permitted to touch the ball when it is within the basket when they are attempting to score.
7. An official should point to the floor to indicate a non-shooting foul when a player is fouled just before the shot.
8. It is legal for a player to end a dribble and throw the ball off the back board and dunk.
9. If a 3-point shot is touched inside the 2-point area, the value of the goal is three points.
10. A screener must give a step on a blind screen.
11. On a break-away foul, contact from the side is an unsportsmanlike foul.
12. It is illegal for A1 to straddle the centre line to start the second period and passes the ball to A2, and A2 jumps from the front court and while air borne and lands straddling the centre line. (back court violation)( during a centre line throw in, if the ball is passed to an air born team mate who jumped from front court and lands in back court, this is a back court violation)
13. All unsportsmanlike fouls are administered in the front court throw in line with a shot clock reset of 14 seconds. Penalty is two shots plus possession.
14. When a lodged ball, because of a field goal try, is returned to the offensive team because of the AP arrow, there is a shot clock reset to 14 seconds.
15. Unintentional sliding on the floor with the ball is not a violation.